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Archives of Behavioural Addictions

Pochi giorni fa è uscito il primo numero di “Archives of Behavioural Addictions”, Giornale Internazionale on line per Revieved ad indirizzo specialistico multidisciplinare .

Il giornale , è curato da EDRA ed ha come editor in chief Emilio Sacchetti, Stefano Pallanti , Herrietta Bowden Jones .

Quanti fossero interessati alla lettura dei contributi possono accedere ai testi completi mediante il sito

www.aba-journal.com

Nel frattempo si è pensato di inserire nel nostro sito i riassunti dei singoli articoli pubblicati così da promuovere un primo contatto con il Giornale .

Questa ultima opportunità è parte di un  progetto di collaborazione tra AISDICO e ABA . In quest’ottica , si è convenuto che i Soci AISDICO interessati a pubblicare su ABA  saranno facilitati grazie ad un percorso prioritario di revisione (massimo 1 mese) e, in caso di accettazione del contributo, ad una tariffa ridotta del 20%  sulle spese di pubblicazione.

 


Becoming hooked? Angling, gambling, and “fishing addiction”

Author: M.D. Griffiths¹, M. Auer²

Abstract

Introduction: Fishing and gambling are two activities that do not appear to have much in common with each other but a few scholars have argued both are potentially addictive behaviours that share psychological and behavioural similarities. 


Material and methods: Academic literature, populist literature, and anecdotal evidence collected from online fishing discussion forums was used to ascertain whether excessive fishing could be considered as a behaviour that could be potentially addictive, and whether it had similarities with other potentially addictive behaviours (most notably gambling addiction). 

Results: A review of the relevant literature both in academic journals and more populist literature suggest fishing addiction may theoretically exist. Self-reports by fishers on online discussion forums suggest many of the core components of addiction were specifically described in relation to their fishing experiences including salience, withdrawal symptoms, conflict with job and/or relationships, relapse, and tolerance. 

Conclusion: Fishing - when taken to excess - does appear to have addiction-like properties akin to problematic drug use and/or gambling. However, the present paper does not argue that fishing addiction exists, just that some people (including fishers themselves) conceptualise their excessive behaviour as an addiction.



Gender-related differences in the relationship between problematic and pathological Internet use and self-reported sleep-wake habits among university students

Author: F. Canan1,2, S. Karaca2, M. Toprak1, M. Kuloğlu2, M.N. Potenza1,3,4,5

Abstract

Objectives: Gender differences have been observed in objective and subjective sleep measures. Problematic Internet use is associated with poor sleep. This study, considering genders separately, examined the relationship between sleep/wake variables and problematic and pathological Internet use among university students.

Methods: We recruited 661 undergraduate students (382 females and 287 males). Reports on habitual bedtimes and wake times for weekdays and weekends were used. Internet Addiction Test (IAT) was used to assess problematic and pathological Internet use (PPIU).

Results: PPIU was associated with delayed bedtime and wake time on weekends but not with less sleep duration both on weekdays and weekends among females. For males, PPIU was only related to delayed bedtime on weekends Compared to males with adaptive Internet use (AIU), those with PPIU had shorter weekday and weekend sleep durations. Weekday and weekend sleep durations correlated negatively with IAT scores among males, but not among females. IAT scores were independently associated with sleep duration among males.

Conclusions: Our findings expand the literature by documenting gender-related differences on the relationship between PPIU and sleep. We propose that young males with PPIU are more likely than females with PPIU to exhibit shortened sleep duration.

Predictors of remission from problem and pathological gambling: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)

Author: S. Bernardi 1, N.M. Petry2, S.S. Martins3, D.S. Hasin1,4, S. Liu1, B.F. Grant5, C. Blanco1

Abstract

Objectives: Gambling disorder remits naturally, however, little is known about the time course of remission and potential predictors.

Methods: We analyzed data from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a US nationally representative sample (N = 43,093). Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were used to examine predictors of remission status during the last 12-month. Survival analysis were used to estimate time to remission in individuals with pathological gambling (PG).

Results: The rates of past 12-month remission were 45.24% for problem gamblers (5 DSM-IV criteria). Some demographic factors and specific DSM-IV criteria were associated with lower likelihood of remission. Survival analyses estimated an 85.6% cumulative probability of remission from PG, with a median time of 19 years.

Conclusions: Lifetime remission is common among severe gamblers, but occurs slowly (with an average of19 years). Given the high personal and societal costs associated with GD and the long latency to remission, there is a need to improve interventions for the prevention and treatment of GDs. Here we suggest a cluster of demographic and phenotypic factors can help identify cases in need of greater help.